13 Principles of Torah-based Faith that were enumerated by Rambam (Maimonides):
Principle n.5 : I fully believe that I may address my prayer to Him and not to another.
It is not explicitly commanded in the 7 Mitzvot for a Noahide to direct his prayer to G-d. But it is a logical consequence of recognizing the Eternal One who rules all and watches over all.
Needs, thanksgiving may be said by a Noahide in his own words in his own language. He may use verses from the Tenach or a prayer book for Noahides.
Directing one’s prayer to something or someone lower than G-d – be it an angel, star, intermediary, is idolatry.
One question people sometimes ask is whether they can recite The L-rd’s Prayer because it refers only to G-d and not to anyone else. The answer is: no.
Using a prayer – even though it appears to be addressed only to G-d – from a religion undermines the eternal covenant G-d made with Abraham and the Torah given at Sinai. Even though one might recite a prayer of any religion for the sake of G-d alone, nevertheless, the liturgy of idol worshipers is an abomination to G-d.
By Angelique Sijbolts
Sources: Dasberg Sidur, The Divine Code, The Seven Gates of Righteous Knowledge, Chabad Article: 848875
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